­
English

Immigration and Social Mobility

Lenke til artikkel:

[PDF]

Forfattere:

Hoen, Maria F., Simen Markussen, Knut Røed

År:

2018

Referanse:

Andre skrifter
IZA Discussion Paper No. 11904

Summary

Using Norwegian administrative data, we examine how exposure to immigration over the past decades has affected natives’ relative prime age labor market outcomes by social class background. Social class is established on the basis of parents’ earnings rank. By exploiting variation in immigration patterns over time across commuting zones, we find that immigration from low‐income countries has reduced social mobility and thus steepened the social gradient in natives’ labor market outcomes, whereas immigration from high‐income countries has leveled it. Given the large inflow of immigrants from low-income countries to Norway since the early 1990s, this can explain a considerable part of the relative decline in economic performance among natives with lower class background, and also rationalize the apparent polarization of sentiments toward immigration.

Nøkkelord:

immigration, intergenerational mobilty

JEL:

J62, J15, J24

Prosjekt info:

Oppdragsgiver: Norges Forskningsråd
Oppdragsgivers prosjektnr.: 236992
Frisch prosjekt: 1178 - Likhet under press? Nye perspektiver på ulikhet og inkludering

Oppdragsgiver: Norges Forskninsgråd
Oppdragsgivers prosjektnr.: 280350/GE
Frisch prosjekt: 1191 - Den fallende sysselsettingsraten og dens tiltagende sosiale gradient

Oppdragsgiver: ASD
Oppdragsgivers prosjektnr.: ASD 1214 Opsahl
Frisch prosjekt: 1370 - Tilpasning til varig høy arbeidsinnvandring på det norske arbeidsmarkedet