Intergenerational Mobility and Labor Market Inclusion
|Prosjektperiode||2020 - 2025|
Prosjektbeskrivelse (engelsk)The primary objectives of this project are to enhance our knowledge about the determinants of intergenerational mobility, to characterize recent changes in mobility and the causes behind them, and to assess the influence of institutions and policies in the shaping of equality of opportunities. Equality of opportunities is a widely accepted aim of economic and social policies. It implies that offspring born into poor families have the same chances in life as those born into richer families, and thus that there is high degree of intergenerational mobility. Recent empirical evidence has indicated that intergenerational mobility has come under pressure in Norway, and that people born into the poorest families have fallen behind in terms of employment, earnings, and a range other of qualityof-life indicators. This project examines the sources behind this development, and provides a systematic empirical assessment of the determinants of mobility, both in terms of external influences, such as technological developments, trade and, migration, and in terms of institutional factors, such as the organization of childcare and education, the degree of wage compression, integration policies, and the overall income and wealth inequality.
The project is empirical, and will primarily be based on administrative register data from Norway, covering labor market and educational outcomes for three generations. It has a strong comparative component in that it will compare mobility trends in Norway and Sweden, with the aim of identifying the institutional origins of observed differences. In particular, we are interested in examining whether the Swedish policy of subsidizing the demand for low-skill workers have succeeded in preventing the apparent falling-behind of the lower classes observed in Norway.
The project is inter-disciplinary. It has a strong methodological component, and will seek to assess the various “class concepts” encountered within economics and sociology.
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