Climate Agreements and Technology Policy
Link to article:
Golombek, Rolf and Michael Hoel
Number in series: 11
We study climate policy when there are technology spillovers within and across countries, and the technology externalities within each country are corrected through a domestic subsidy of R&D investments. We compare the properties of international climate agreements when the inter-country externalities from R&D are not regulated through the climate agreement. With an international agreement controlling abatements directly through emission quotas, the equilibrium R&D subsidy is lower that the socially optimal subsidy. The equilibrium subsidy is even lower if the climate agreement does not specify emission levels directly, but instead imposes a common carbon tax. Social costs are higher under a tax agreement than under a quota agreement. Moreover, for a reasonable assumption on the abatement cost function, R&D investments and abatement levels are lower under a tax agreement than under a quota agreement. Total emissions may be higher or lower in a second-best optimal quota agreement than in the first-best optimum.
O30; H23; Q20; Q28; Q48
Climate policy, international environmental agreements, R&D Policy, technology spillovers.
Project:Oppdragsgiver: Norges forskningsråd
Frisch prosjekt: 3112 - Climate treaties and technological change