Økende inntektssegregering i norske byregioner

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Hernæs, Øystein, Simen Markussen og Knut Røed




Tidsskrift for boligforskning

Temanummer "Storbyen for alle" Vol 3(2), 111-129


We examine residential segregation across Norwegian neighborhoods over the past 25 years (1993–2017) on the basis of a statistic describing the average earnings rank distance between people living in the same neighborhoods. Earnings rank is either computed nationally or within commuting zones, and separately by age and gender for all adults between 30 and 60 years of age. The term «segregation» then describes a tendency for persons with similar earnings rank within commuting zones to reside in the same neighborhoods. We show that residential segregation has increased after the turn of the century and that this development has been particularly strong in the capital region and in the cities around the Oslo fjord. By comparing trends across different commuting zones, we find indications that increased immigration strongly covaries with increased segregation. To investigate this further, we decompose our segregation measure into segregation between natives, between immigrants and between natives and immigrants. We find that immigrants tend to settle in a more segregated pattern than natives, while their increasing numbers have given their settlement patterns more weight in the aggregate segregation statistic. We also find indications that natives settle in a more segregated fashion in commuting zones with high immigration.


segregering, inntektsrang, nabolag


Oppdragsgiver: NFR via NOVA/OsloMet
Oppdragsgivers prosjektnr.: 258923
Frisch prosjekt: 1670 - Disadvantaged in the housing market: Effects of public interventions

Oppdragsgiver: Norges Forskningsråd
Oppdragsgivers prosjektnr.: 270772
Frisch prosjekt: 1672 - Sustaining the welfare and working life model in a diversified society