The Gender Gap in Entrepreneurship - The Role of Peer Effects
Link to article:
Markussen, Simen and Knut Røed
In virtually all industrialized countries, women are underrepresented in entrepreneurship, and the gender gap exhibits a remarkable persistence. We examine one particular source of persistence, namely the prevalence of gendered peer influences. We study how early career entrepreneurship is affected by existing entrepreneurship among neighbors, family members, and recent schoolmates. Based on an instrumental variables strategy, we identify strong and heavily gendered peer effects. While men are more influenced by other men, women are more influenced by other women. We estimate that differences between male and female peer groups explain approximately half of the gender gap in early career entrepreneurship.
Project:Oppdragsgiver: Norges forskningsråd
Oppdragsgivers prosjektnr.: 201336
Frisch prosjekt: 6513 - Entrepreneurship and Gender in Norway - Entrepreneurship, Gender, and Social capital