Cost-efficient strategies to reduce Europe's emissions
|Project manager||Finn Førsund |
|Client project no.|
|Period||1997 - 2000 (ended)|
There are ongoing European negotiations to reduce several emissions. These emissions (NOx, VOC and NH3) cause acidification, eutrophication, and the formation of ground-level ozone. This have negative impacts on crops, trees, materials and on human health. The carrying capacity principle used in the Oslo-protocol is meant to be a model for new agreements. The anticipated costs of implementing new protocols are substantially higher than those of previous agreements. Therefore it is important to make them cost-efficient. Integrated models which can be used to calculate cost-efficient strategies are under development. These models use information about the atmospheric transport of pollutants, the impact of pollutants on the environment and the costs of abating different pollutants in different countries. The most comprehensive model is the RAINS model, developed by IIASA. The project will use this model, and the results derived from it, as a starting point and analyse: a) The connection between depositions of different pollutants and the damage on ecosystem when there are several polluting depositions. The formation of ground-level ozone, which is analysed by EMIEP, is a central subject in this regard. b) Dynamic effects in ecosystems i.e. the timepath of environmental damage. c) Effects on human health and damage on crops and trees. d) The connection between changes in the structure of the economy and reductions in the emissions.
This series is published by the Department of Economics, University of Oslo, in cooperation with the Frisch Centre. The list below only contains those memoranda written in connection with projects at the Frisch Centre. A complete list of memoranda is found at http://urn.nb.no/URN:NBN:no-7118