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Norwegian

Inequality of opportunity and socio-economic outcomes from an intergenerational perspective

Number1211
Project managerOddbjørn Raaum
ClientNorges forskningsråd
Client project no.
ParticipantsBernt Bratsberg
Knut Røed
Period2002 - 2005 (ended)

Project description

The project focuses on the extent to which social background and childhood events determine the adult socio-economic and economic success of individuals. Our discussion of the success of Nordic welfare policies in promoting equal opportunity and intergenerational mobility will be based on empirical studies of multi-generational longitudinal micro data from four Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden) as well as from the United Kingdom and the United States. This facilitates a direct comparison of the Nordic ‘welfare states’ with the more ‘laissez-faire’-oriented Anglo-Saxon countries where impact of family background and events/incidents on adult outcomes and their implications for the intergenerational transmission mechanism can be studied under different institutional environments. The main socio-economic outcomes we will be concerned with are education, earnings, and employment. We focus not only on averages, but also on the lower tail of the outcome distribution, i.e. the marginalised/excluded individuals and groups. The sources of unequal opportunities that we focus on are those that are ‘handed out’ early in life; such as parental resources (measured by poverty, for example), family events (divorce), individual events (early unemployment experiences) neighbourhoods and health.

Publications

Memorandum

This series is published by the Department of Economics, University of Oslo, in cooperation with the Frisch Centre. The list below only contains those memoranda written in connection with projects at the Frisch Centre. A complete list of memoranda is found at http://urn.nb.no/URN:NBN:no-7118

Author(s):Title:Year:Reference:Link:
Eriksson, Tor, Bernt Bratsberg and Oddbjørn RaaumEarnings persistence across generations: Transmission through health?2005No. 35[PDF]
Jäntti, Markus, Bernt Bratsberg, Knut Røed, Oddbjørn Raaum, Robin Naylor, Eva Österbacka, Anders Björklund and Tor ErikssonAmerican exceptionalism in a new light: a comparison of intergenerational earnings mobility in the Nordic countries, the United Kingdom and the United States2005No. 34[PDF]

Other publications

Author(s):Title:Year:Reference:Link:
Jäntti, Markus, Bernt Bratsberg, Knut Røed, Oddbjørn Raaum, Robin Naylor, Eva Österbacka, Anders Björklund and Tor ErikssonAmerican exceptionalism in a new light: a comparison of intergenerational earnings mobility in the Nordic countries, the United Kingdom and the United States2006IZA Discussion paper no 1938[PDF]
Björklund, A., Bratsberg, B. Eriksson, T., Jäntti, M. og O. RaaumInter-Industry Wage Differentials and Unobserved Ability: Siblings Evidence from Five Countries2004