The decline in employment and the rise of its social gradient
|Project manager||Knut Røed|
|Client project no.||280350/GE|
Solveig T. Borgen
Nicolai T. Borgen
Øystein M. Hernæs
Maria Forthun Hoen
Elisabeth Thuestad Isaksen
Adrian Farner Rogne
Ragnhild Camilla Schreiner
|Period||2018 - 2022|
Project descriptionThe project seeks to identify and assess societal and labor market trends that can explain the recent decline in prime-age employment and the sharp increase in its social gradient.
The starting point is the observation that prime-age employment rates have declined sharply since the mid-1980s in a way that is highly correlated with family background. While employment rates have dropped quite spectacularly for young adults born into the poorest families in Norway, they are more or less unchanged for those born into wealthy families. The main idea of the project is to combine insights from research on social (intergenerational) mobility with insights from research on the impacts of skill-biased changes in labor demand and supply, to improve our understanding of the causal mechanisms behind the observed changes in employment patterns.
The project is empirical and will take advantage of extremely rich longitudinal administrative register data from Norway. It consists of three sub-projects.
The first sub-project examines whether skill-biased changes in the demand/supply of labor generated by longitudinal and spatial variation in immigration patterns can explain the decline in prime-age employment and the rise in disability program participation in a way that fits with the steep increase in the social gradients.
The second sub-project studies the role of education. It asks how the expansions of publically provided child-care and recent educational reforms have affected the social gradient in educational achievement and through that potentially also labor market performance. In this part of the project, we will also examine trends in overeducation (mismatch) in the Norwegian labor market.
The third sub-project examines the behavior of employers. It focuses on how employers' efforts to invest in long-term employee relationship - e.g. in terms of offering apprenticeships and develop inclusive work environments - depend on the ease by which they can find new employees.
|Hoen, Maria, Simen Markussen, Knut Røed||Immigration and Economic Mobility||2021||Journal of Population Economics||[PDF] [DOI]|
|Bratsberg, Bernt, Oddbjørn Raaum, Knut Røed||Immigrant Responses to Social Insurance Generosity||2020||Labour Economics Vol 65||[PDF] [DOI]|
|Hoen, Maria Forthun||Immigration and the Tower of Babel: Using language barriers to identify individual labor market effects of immigration||2020||Labour Economics Vol 65||[PDF] [DOI]|
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|Almås, Ingvild, Andreas Kotsadam, Espen R. Moen and Knut Røed||The Economics of Hypergamy||2020||The Journal of Human Resources 1219 - 10604 R1||[PDF] [DOI]|
|Bratsberg, Bernt, Torgeir Nyen, Oddbjørn Raaum||Adult Vocational Qualifications Reduce the Social Gradient in Education||2019||Social Inclusion Vol 7(3), 95-109||[PDF] [DOI]|
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|Hoen, Maria Forthun, Simen Markussen, Knut Røed||Innvandring og sosial mobilitet. Svar til kritikerne||2019||Tidsskrift for samfunnsforskning Vol 60(3), 309-320||[PDF]|
|Hoen, Maria F., Simen Markussen, Knut Røed||Immigration and Social Mobility||2018||IZA Discussion Paper No. 11904||[PDF]|