Egalitarianism under pressure? New perspectives on inequality and social cohesion

Project managerKnut Røed
ClientNorges Forskningsråd
Client project no.236992
ParticipantsIngvild Almås
Gunn E. Birkelund
Bernt Bratsberg
Elisabeth Fevang
Simen Gaure
Maria Forthun Hoen
Andreas Kotsadam
Snorre Kverndokk
Simen Markussen
Espen Moen
Anja Grinde Myrann
Robin Naylor
Andrew Penner
Trond Petersen
Oddbjørn Raaum
Ole Røgeberg
Tao Zhang
Period2014 - 2018

Project description

This project seeks to evaluate societal forces that challenge the Norwegian egalitarian welfare state model. It identifies three important arenas for change: - The Labor market: Technological developments, intensified competition, and free movements of labor within Europe may affect forces of labor supply and demand in ways that impede labor market success among individuals with reduced work capacity. - The distribution of health conditions: We see signs of polarization among the young and a scope for rising inequality in life-time earnings caused by differential employment opportunities among the old. - The family: Changing marital sorting patterns are likely to affect intra-generational inequality across households, as well as the inter-generational transmission of human capital and wealth. The project is primarily empirical, drawing on merged longitudinal data from administrative registers describing the life histories of individuals and firms over a 15-20 year period. The project has a clear focus on identifying causal mechanisms that are of interest from a policy perspective. For example: - Has the open European labor market changed firms' incentives for hiring and keeping marginal workers, and to what extent are their practices affected by labor market regulations and social insurance design? - How can we expect added healthy life-years to be distributed, and will differences in opportunity and ability to work beyond the standard retirement age become a major source of inequality in life-time earnings? - Is the pattern of marital sorting changing in ways that cause increased inequality and/or less social mobility? The big research challenge is to sort out causality from selection. The project therefore focuses on identifying truly exogenous variation in key explanatory variables, and on research strategies designed to quantify key causal mechanisms of interest.


Scientific Journal

Hoen, Maria, Simen Markussen, Knut RøedImmigration and Economic Mobility2021Journal of Population Economics [PDF] [DOI]
Markussen, Simen and Knut RøedEconomic mobility under pressure2020Journal of the European Economic Association Vol 18(4), 1844-1885[PDF] [DOI]
Bratsberg, Bernt, Ole Røgeberg and Vegard SkirbekkFathers of children conceived using ART have higher cognitive ability scores than fathers of naturally conceived children2020Human reproduction vol 35(6), 1461-1468[PDF] [DOI]
Hoen, Maria ForthunImmigration and the Tower of Babel: Using language barriers to identify individual labor market effects of immigration2020Labour Economics Vol 65[PDF] [DOI]
Almås, Ingvild, Andreas Kotsadam, Espen R. Moen and Knut RøedThe Economics of Hypergamy2020The Journal of Human Resources 1219 - 10604 R1[PDF] [DOI]
Bratsberg, Bernt, Øystein Hernaes, Simen Markussen, Oddbjørn Raaum, Knut RøedWelfare Activation and Youth Crime2019The Review of Economics and Statistics 101(4): 561-574.[PDF] [DOI]
Bratsberg, Bernt and Ole RøgebergNorwegian IQ scores are falling – but genes are not to blame2019The Science Breaker [DOI]
Hernæs, Øystein M., Simen Markussen, Knut RøedTelevision, Cognitive Ability, and High School Completion2019The Journal of Human Resources vol 54(2), 371-400[PDF] [DOI]
Bratsberg, Bernt and Ole RøgebergFlynn effect and its reversal are both environmentally caused2018Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America Vol 115, no 26[PDF] [DOI]
Hernæs, Øystein, Simen Markussen and Knut RøedCan Welfare Conditionality Combat High School Dropout?2017Labour Economics [PDF] [DOI]
Fevang, Elisabeth, Ines Hardoy og Knut RøedTemporary Disability and Economic Incentives2017Economic Journal Vol 127(603), 1410-1432[PDF] [DOI]
Markussen, Simen and Knut RøedLeaving Poverty Behind? - The Effects of Generous Income Support Paired with Activation2016American Economic Journal: Economic Policy Vol 8 (1), 180-211[PDF]

Book chapter

Røed, KnutTowards Lower Economic Mobility in Norway? The Norwegian Academy of Science2018[PDF]
Markussen, Simen og Knut RøedUlikhet og sosial mobilitet2016

Frisch Working Paper

Hoen, Maria ForthunOccupational crosswalk, data and language requirements2016No. 1[PDF]

Other journals

Fevang, ElisabethHelserelaterte ytelser og skjult arbeidsledighet – en diskusjon om mulige sammenhenger2020Søkelys på arbeidslivet Vol 37(3), 201-215[PDF] [DOI]
Hoen, Maria Forthun, Simen Markussen, Knut RøedInnvandring og sosial mobilitet. Svar til kritikerne2019Tidsskrift for samfunnsforskning Vol 60(3), 309-320[PDF]
Furuholmen, JensDelingsøkonomiens fremvekst - Effekten av Airbnb på hotellbransjen i Norge2017Samfunnsøkonomen Nr 3, 52-62[PDF]

Other publications

Almås, Invild, Andreas Kotsadam, Espen R. Moen, Knut RøedThe Economics of Hypergamy2019IZA Disussion paper no. 12185[PDF]
Fevang, ElisabethEconomic Incentives, Employment and Health2019Doktorgradsavhandling, Universitetet i Bergen.[PDF]
Bratsberg, Bernt, Simen Markussen, Oddbjørn Raaum, Knut Røed, Ole J. RøgebergTrends in Assortative Mating and Offspring Outcomes2018IZA DP No. 11753[PDF]
Bratsberg, Bernt, Øystein Hernaes, Simen Markussen, Oddbjørn Raaum, Knut RøedWelfare Activation and Youth Crime2018IZA DP No. 11719[PDF]
Markussen, Simen og Knut RøedThe Golden Middle Class Neighborhood: Trends in Residential Segregation and Consequences for Offspring Outcomes2018IZA discussion paper no 11684[PDF]
Hoen, Maria F., Simen Markussen, Knut RøedImmigration and Social Mobility2018IZA Discussion Paper No. 11904[PDF]
Markussen, Simen og Knut RøedEgalitarianism under Pressure: Toward Lower Economic Mobility in the Knowledge Economy?2017IZA discussion paper no 10664[PDF]
Hernæs, Øystein, Simen Markussen og Knut RøedCan Welfare Conditionality Combat High School Dropout?2016IZA Discussion paper no 9644[PDF]