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FIGHTING TRANSIENT EPIDEMICS - OPTIMAL VACCINATION SCHEDULES BEFORE AND AFTER AN OUTBREAK

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Forfattere:

Nævdal, Eric

År:

2012

Referanse:

Health Economics

Vol 21(12), 1456-1476

Summary

Epidemic diseases afflict all countries, and all epidemics are costly to society. The present paper examines optimal vaccination trajectories before and after an outbreak of a special class of epidemics where the disease normally eradicates itself. The focus is on epidemics where mortality may be ignored, influenza being the prime example. One important insight is that there may be increasing returns to scale in vaccination.

Nøkkelord:

transient epidemics;vaccination;optimal control;numerical methods

JEL:

I10;C61

Prosjekt info:

Oppdragsgiver: Norges forskningsråd
Oppdragsgivers prosjektnr.:
Frisch prosjekt: 4101 - Økonomi og helse