The Anatomy of Absenteeism
Based on comprehensive administrative register data from Norway, we examine the determinants of sickness absence behavior; in terms of employee characteristics workplace characteristics, panel doctor characteristics, and economic conditions. The analysis is based on a novel concept of a worker’s steady state sickness absence propensity, computed from a multivariate hazard rate model designed to predict the incidence and the duration of sickness absence for all workers. Key conclusions are i) that most of the cross-sectional variation in absenteeism is caused by genuine employee heterogeneity; ii) that the identity of a person’s panel doctor has a significant impact on absence propensity; iii) that sickness absence insurance is frequently certified for reasons other than sickness; and iv) that the recovery rate rises enormously just prior to the exhaustion of sickness insurance benefits.
Markussen, Simen, Knut Røed, Ole J. Røgeberg og Simen Gaure
C14, C41, H55, I18, J22
sickness absence, multivariate hazards, MMPH, NPMLE
Prosjekt:1134 - En levedyktig velferdsstat