Climate policies and learning by doing: Impacts and timing of technology subsidies
We study the role of technology subsidies in climate policies, using a simple dynamic equilibrium model with learning-by-doing. The optimal subsidy rate of a carbon-free technology is high when the technology is first adopted, but falls significantly over the next decades. However, the efficiency costs of uniform instead of optimal subsidies, may be low if there are adjustment costs for a new technology. Finally, supporting existing energy technologies only, may lead to technology lock-in, and the impacts of lock-in increase with the learning potential of new technologies as well as the possibilities for early entry.
Kverndokk, S. og K. E. Rosendahl
D58, H21, O30, Q42
Climate change policies; Computable equilibrium models; Learning by doing; Subsidies; Timing
Prosjekt:3115 - International Climate policies and induced technological change