Earnings persistence across generations: Transmission through health?
Using a unique data set that links adult labour market outcomes and health status of a cohort of Danes and their parents, we study the interrelationships between transmission of health and economic status across generations. We first establish new evidence on intergenerational earnings resemblance in Denmark, obtaining estimates of father-child earnings elasticities of .29 for sons and .27 for daughters. Next, we show that children from low-income families are more likely to experience health problems in adulthood, and that poor health outcomes, such as back illness, heart disease, and psychological illness, affect labour earnings negatively. The data further reveal strong correlations of health outcomes across generations. When we condition on health status, estimates of the intergenerational earnings elasticity drop by a substantial amount—28 percent for sons and 25 percent for daughters. These findings point to parental investments in health and resemblance of health across generations as factors behind the pattern of low intergenerational earnings mobility observed in many countries.
Eriksson, Tor, Bernt Bratsberg and Oddbjørn Raaum
Nummer i serie: 35
Intergenerational mobility, health and earnings
Prosjekt:1211 - Overføring av ulikhet mellom generasjonene
Nordic Programme on Welfare Research under the Nordic Council of Ministers