Mulighetenes land? Inntektsprofiler for innvandrere til Norge og USA
Land of Opportunity? Comparing Earnings Profiles of Immigrants in Norway and the United States. The authors use comparable micro data from Norway and the United States to estimate and compare earnings profiles of immigrants relative to those of natives of the two host countries. The analyses control for differences in individual characteristics, such as education, gender and age, as well as local labour market conditions. Results reveal that immigrants face steeper earnings profiles than natives. The initial wage gap between immigrants and natives is significantly reduced over time in the new country. In general, immigrants to the United States earn more, have steeper profiles and catch up with natives at a faster rate than immigrants to Norway. The US advantage is greater for immigrants with higher education. These findings are discussed with reference to differences between the two countries in selection of immigrants, immigrant histories and labour markets. A compressed wage structure and high levels of employment protection do not assure immigrants equal opportunities in the labour market.
Barth, Erling, Bernt Bratsberg og Oddbjørn Raaum
immigrant earnings, age, earnings profiles, Norway and the United States compared