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Have the Relative Employment Prospects for the Low-Skilled Deteriorated After All?

Forfattere:

Røed, Knut and Nordberg, Morten

År:

2004

Referanse:

Journal of Population Economics

Vol. 17, 67-82

Summary

Has the relative unemployment propensity for the low-skilled increased during the 1990’s? We address this question empirically, based on two notions of ‘low skills’; i) low education, and ii) low ability, conditioned on education and work experience. Ability is identified by previous earnings. Evaluated by the education-based measure, we find that unemployment propensity has not developed unfavourably for the low-skilled. Evaluated by the ability-based measure, it has. We uncover a steady deterio-ration of employment prospects for persons with low ability relative to others with similar formal qualifications. The adverse employment effects of being low-skilled are stronger the higher is formal education.

Nøkkelord:

Skill-biased technical change, relative unemployment rates

JEL:

J31, J64

Prosjekt info:

Oppdragsgiver: Norges forskningsråd
Oppdragsgivers prosjektnr.:
Frisch prosjekt: 1203 - Sortering, utsatte grupper og arbeidsmarkedstiltak