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Disentangling absence patterns

Prosjektnr4134
ProsjektansvarligSimen Markussen
OppdragsgiverNorges forskningsråd
Oppdragsgivers prosjektnr.227103
ProsjektdeltakereRandi Borgen
Bernt Bratsberg
Sara Cools
Elisabeth Fevang
Simen Gaure
Karen Evelyn Hauge
Ingrid M.S. Huitfeldt
Knut Røed
Ole Røgeberg
Ragnhild Camilla Schreiner
Marte Strøm
Marte Eline Ulvestad
Monique de Haan
Prosjektperiode1.11.2013 - 31.12.2016

Prosjektbeskrivelse

This project will contribute to and partly extend the scientific literature on sickness absence. It is an extension, as well as a continuation, of ongoing research at the Frisch Centre using administrative data for Norway. The project will also finance a Phd-student. It has four topics: 1) Health and absenteeism: Recent research has found the use of graded sick leave to reduce sick leave duration as well as strengthen subsequent labour force attachment. We will extend this literature by bringing forward more specific knowledge by letting the effect of sick leave occurrence (yes/no) and type (duration and grading) be made conditional on health. If successful, this may improve official guidelines for sick-leave prescription. 2) Disability across generations: Disability is strongly correlated across generations. This possibly puts a bound on the effect of current policies, as disability seem partly predetermined by social or biological inheritance. We will extend the large literature on intergenerational persistence in earnings and education by (i) carefully try to disentangle and quantify the causal mechanisms creating such correlation across generations, and (ii) evaluate policies which may break or weaken the intergenerational link. 3) The role of employers and workplaces: Arguably, the workplace is the most important arena for determining sickness absence. Yet, the mechanisms behind the variation in absenteeism between firms are not well understood. Using a rich and extensive employer-employee dataset we will search to understand why some firms have much higher sick leave rates than others. In particular we will investigate the role of selection/matching, workplace characteristics and leadership. 4) The gender gap in absenteeism: There is a substantial and partly unexplained gender gap in absenteeism. We will test whether this gap can be explained by caretaking for children, statistical discrimination or biological sex-differences in health or risk preferences.

Publikasjoner

Forfatter(e):Tittel:År:Referanse:Lenke:

Vitenskapelige tidsskrift

Forfatter(e):Tittel:År:Referanse:Lenke:
Bratsberg, Bernt and Ole RøgebergChildhood socioeconomic status does not explain the IQ-mortality gradient2017Intelligence [DOI]
Hauge, Karen Evelyn and Marte Eline UlvestadHaving a bad attitude? The relationship between attitudes and sickness absence2017IZA Journal of Labor Policy 6(1), 1-27[PDF] [DOI]
Markussen, Simen and Knut RøedThe market for paid sick leave2017Journal of Health Economics [DOI]

Andre tidsskrift

Forfatter(e):Tittel:År:Referanse:Lenke:
Markussen, Simen, Marte E. Ulvestad, Oddbjørn Raaum, Karen E. HaugeKan kjønnsforskjellen i sykefravær forklares av holdninger, normer og preferanser?2015Søkelys på arbeidslivet Årgang 32 Nr 4 2015 s298[PDF]
Markussen, Simen, Marte Strøm, Sara CoolsMenns og kvinners sykefravær: Hvilken rolle spiller antall barn?2015Søkelys på arbeidslivet

Memorandum

Serien publiseres av Økonomisk institutt, Universitetet i Oslo, i samarbeid med Frischsenteret. Listen under omfatter kun memoranda tilknyttet prosjekter på Frischsenteret. En komplett oversikt over memoranda finnes på http://www.sv.uio.no/econ/forskning/memorandum/.

Forfatter(e):Tittel:År:Referanse:Lenke:
Markussen, Simen og Marte StrømThe effects of motherhood2015Nr. 19[PDF]